POLICING - MAKING OUR COMMUNITIES SAFER
Mogadishu on Thursday June 26, 2014 Meet the Lieutenant Colonel Zakia
Hussein for joining the Somali Police at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel,
and she will be the head of the Somali Community Policing Division.
Congratulations to join us and serve with courage.
You Want To Be Safer?
Is Community Policing?
does community policing work?
is your Role?
is the Role of the Police?
to Start a Community Policing Forum (CPF)
Effective is Community Policing
Community Policing Will Benefit You
are the Tenets of Community Policing
Operating Procedures for Community Policing
Do You Want To Be
you can contribute in the fight against crime in your neighbourhood.
You should not only be able to live without fear of crime but also be
responsible for keeping your community safe.
What Is Community
Policing is an approach to policing that recognizes the independence
and shared responsibility of the Police and the Community in ensuring
a safe and secure environment for all citizens. It aims at
establishing an active and equal partnership between the Police and
the public through which crime and community safety issues can
jointly be discussed and solutions determined and implemented.
OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR COMMUNITY POLICING
Police are the most visible institution of the security sector and
their functions impact on the entire citizenry. Community policing is
a new style of policing that is responsive to the needs of local
communities; a force multiplier that contributes to conflict
the context of the Police Reforms, the Police are equally required to
display a complete attitudinal transformation. A police that is seen
to have changed its character, making a break from past practices and
working in partnership with communities offers profound resonance to
creating a partnership. But the Police will not build legitimacy in a
society where a uniformed officer is more a cause for fear than a
source of protection. Where legacies of mistrust are not overcome,
creating a new culture of trust and cooperation will be difficult to
forge. Community policing is therefore predicated on shedding
suspicion and stereotypes and forging a working relations.
policing is not a one time venture but a continuous process.
IS COMMUNITY POLICING?
policing is both a philosophy (a way of thinking) and an
organizational strategy (a means to implement out that philosophy),
that allows the police and community to work together to solve
problems of crime and insecurity. Community policing rests on two
Adopting policing practices that involve communities in making
decisions about their own security.
Establish a long-term partnership between communities and the Police.
following are the fundamental principles of community policing:
Policing by consent rather than by coercion.
The police and the community working together.
Identifying the security priorities of the community.
Tailoring policing to meet community needs and priorities.
successful implementation of community policing requires a monumental
leap of faith by both the police and the public and a commitment to
effect change. It is also a complex process that requires action to
be taken at multiple levels and the requisite planning to translate
the strategy into practice, both within the Somali Police and among
the public. It is critical that communities set realistic and
achievable objectives in this venture.
Somalia Police has conducted the necessary training in the contents
and the modalities of community policing, specifically targeting the
middle and lower rank officers, who will be charged with implementing
greatest handicap in community policing is transcending the shift in
paradigm necessary for attitudinal transformation from the current
adversarial posture characterized by mistrust and mutual blame to one
of partnership and cooperation. Ultimately, the objective is to
The community will be responsible for mobilization and organization
of the community committees they select to engage their Police
Station on crime prevention.
Community policing encourages broad, but not unlimited role for the
community and sets to guard against creating unrealistic expectations
The community must reciprocate by providing criminal intelligence and
cooperating with the Police.
The Police mandate will be determined on a problem by problem basis
within the context of the specific problem being addressed.
The Police will encourage input from community while preserving
ultimate decision in cognizance of its functions in law.
Both the community and the Police must create a working partnership
and mutual confidence to solve security problems and desist from
unnecessarily blaming each other.
DESIGN AND PLANNING
planning and design of this strategy has been tailor-made to address
circumstances peculiar to each community. Each party will need to be
clear on the principles of community policing, while remaining
flexible about adapting it to the context of their localities.
PRIORITIES OF THE ENGAGEMENT
definition of priorities of the engagement should include:
Key safety and security challenges that emanate from the community’s
assessment of its priorities.
Particular areas of focus, such as specific safety and security
problems relating to a particular region or social group.
Security advice by the Police.
Police has identified the following as the initial objectives
necessary to roll out the community policing strategy. These form the
baseline requirements that are common to all communities
This includes the following:
Immediate formation of community policing committees.
Identification of critical areas of local intervention in keeping
with needs of each community.
Gathering of criminal intelligence.
Safeguarding the identity of informers.
Create a standardized operating procedure in conducting Community
SETTING BENCHMARKS AND INDICATORS FOR EVALUATION
Somali Police has set internal benchmarks and indicators to monitor
the implementation. These are simple, realistic and inexpensive
measures. The indicators should comprise:
A balanced checklist of activities.
Responsiveness or resistance by the Police or community.
Statistics of implementation in terms of crime reduction.
conflict resolution mechanisms is a key tenet of our Community
Policing strategy that enables the Police to solve disputes or
conflicts in partnership with the communities they serve. This is a
collaborative measure that does not prevent parties from going to
court to seek legal redress. Conflict resolution mechanisms include:
Village or community committees that enable the Police to conduct
collaborative conflict resolution.
Linkages between these mechanisms and Government structures like
District Security Committees.
Somali Police will monitor the progress of the strategy through its
chain of command, particularly during its early stages. Important
features will include:
Pilot Projects – Pilot activities will be conducted to and
replicable in other Stations. Such pilot projects offer the
opportunity to test approaches and re-adjust if necessary.
Accountability Structures – Each Community Policing committee will
be accountable to its own community through accountability structures
that include internal review meetings and mechanisms and community
barazas. Each community will prioritize its own work plans.
Policing can be a cement for security and development. A Police Force
supported by the community and capable of arresting insecurity can
have a far-reaching impact in enabling a lasting economic, social and
political development. However, as international efforts have so far
indicated, reforming a Police organization, re-orienting their shoddy
public image and improving their service delivery, means facing
daunting political, financial, logistical and historical obstacles.
lasting and effective reform requires addressing issues of
management, leadership, political will, set attitudes, established
behaviours and negative public perceptions. It's very complexity can
be intimidating. Nonetheless, its centrality means that it is an
issue that cannot be shied away from.
Police reforms now undertaken, it is paramount that there should be a
clear understanding of what it entails and how is should be
undertaken. It is hoped that this guide will be useful in both
situating Community-Based Police reform within border policy debates,
and guiding those planning the implementation.
How does community
of understanding between the police and the community about their
role in crime prevention.
• Supplementing police patrols through
private guards and neighbourhood watch groups.
capacity building, enhancing Somalia Police personnel and members of
the community to enable constructive participation in addressing the
problems of crime.
• Forming community policing victim support
• Training response teams (units).
street lighting (security lights) to reduce crime.
community policing programmes.
• Giving special attention to
vulnerable groups who are most likely to become victims e.g. women
• Share responsibility and decision-making as well
as sustainined commitment from both the police and community, with
regard to safety and security needs.
• Enhancement of
accountability of the police to the community they serve.
Resolving conflict between and within community groupings in a manner
which enhances peace and stability.
• Basing problem solving
activities on a consultative approach that constantly seeks to
approve responsiveness to identified community needs.
Participation of all members of the Somali Police in community
policing and problem